Cancer that begins from the large intestine is called colon cancer. A colon is the final part of the digestive tract. People at 45+ age are at high risk of having colon cancer. Usually, colon cancer begins with small polyps found in the inner wall of the large intestine. It takes around 10 to 15 years to grow a polyp to colon cancer.
A polyp is usually smaller in size. They grow bigger and thus become colon cancer if not treated. There are many treatments available that will help you cure colon cancer which includes surgery, drug treatments, and radiation therapy. Colon cancer is also called colorectal cancer.
- Change in bowel movements like diarrhea, constipation or change in stool consistency.
- Blood in stool
- Abdominal discomfort like gas, cramps, and pain.
- Feeling that bowel isn’t empty completely
- Weight loss without any reason
If you find any such issues, make sure you get yourself checked by the doctor as soon as possible
- Older age: – Colon cancer can be diagnosed at any age but people with 45+ years of age are at high risk of having colon cancer.
- American and African race: – people belonging from American and African race have higher chances of having colon cancer
- Personal or family history of colorectal cancer or polyps: – if you or anyone in your family have a history of colorectal cancer, then you are also at high risk of having the same
- Inflammatory intestinal condition: – people suffering from inflammatory diseases like ulcers and Crohn’s disease are at high risk of having colon cancer
- The inherited syndrome that causes cancer risk: – gene-related issues of your family also increase the risk of colon cancer. Although, a very small quantity of people suffers from colon cancer who have a gene-related issue.
- Low-fiber diet: – people who love to eat processed food, low fiber food, food that is high in fat and calories have higher chances of developing colon cancer.
- Family history: – if anyone in your family is suffering from colon cancer, then there are higher chances of having the same.
- Diabetes: – people with diabetes or people with insulin resistance too are at a high risk
- Sedentary lifestyle: – inactive men and women are likely to have a high risk of colorectal cancer.
- People with obesity, smoking, heavy alcohol consumption are at high risk too
All the factors mentioned above are the factors that cause colonel cancer.
It is recommended that people with 50+ years of age should get the screening done at a regular interval. This helps in knowing about what is going on inside the colon. And if any polyps are developing, the doctor will remove it right at the moment.
There are several types of screening options available nowadays but colonel screening is the best as it provides the best results. You must talk about the screening with your doctor and get it done through a specialist.